iGen: Why Today's Super-Connected Kids Are Growing Up Less Rebellious, More Tolerant, Less Happy--and Completely Unprepared for Adulthood--and What That Means for the Rest of Us

᙮ Read a iGen: Why Today's Super-Connected Kids Are Growing Up Less Rebellious, More Tolerant, Less Happy--and Completely Unprepared for Adulthood--and What That Means for the Rest of Us pdf ᚅ ePUB By Jean M Twenge PhD 탑 ᙮ Read a iGen: Why Today's Super-Connected Kids Are Growing Up Less Rebellious, More Tolerant, Less Happy--and Completely Unprepared for Adulthood--and What That Means for the Rest of Us pdf ᚅ ePUB By Jean M Twenge PhD 탑 iGen Introduction Who Is iGen, and How Do We Know When I reach 13 year old Athena around noon on a summer day, she sounds as if she just woke up We chat a little about her favorite songs and TV shows, and I ask her what she likes to do with her friends We go to the mall, she says Do your parents drop you off I ask, remembering my own middle school days in the 1980s when Id enjoy a few parent free hours with my friends NoI go with my family, she says Well go with my mom and brothers and walk a little behind them I just have to tell my mom where were going I have to check in every hour or every thirty minutes Hanging out at the mall with your mom around isnt the only difference in teens social lives these days Athena and her friends at her middle school in Houston, Texas, communicate using their phones than they see each other in person Their favorite medium is Snapchat, a smartphone app that allows users to send pictures that quickly disappear They particularly like Snapchats dog filter, which inserts a cartoonish dog nose and ears on peoples heads as they snap photos Its awesomeits the cutest filter ever, she says They make sure they keep up their Snapstreaks, which show how many days in a row they have Snapchatted with each other Sometimes they screenshot particularly ridiculous pictures of friends so they can keep themits good blackmail Athena says she spent most of the summer hanging out by herself in her room with her phone I would rather be on my phone in my room watching Netflix than spending time with my family Thats what Ive been doing most of the summer Ive been on my phone than Ive been with actual people Thats just the way her generation is, she says We didnt have a choice to know any life without iPads or iPhones I think we like our phones than we like actual people iGen has arrived Born in 1995 and later, they grew up with cell phones, had an Instagram page before they started high school, and do not remember a time before the Internet The oldest members of iGen were early adolescents when the iPhone was introduced in 2007 and high school students when the iPad entered the scene in 2010 The i in the names of these devices stands for Internet, and the Internet was commercialized in 1995 If this generation is going to be named after anything, the iPhone just might be it according to a fall 2015 marketing survey, two out of three US teens owned an iPhone, about as complete a market saturation as possible for a product You have to have an iPhone, said a 17 year old interviewed in the social media expos American Girls Its like Apple has a monopoly on adolescence The complete dominance of the smartphone among teens has had ripple effects across every area of iGeners lives, from their social interactions to their mental health They are the first generation for whom Internet access has been constantly available, right there in their hands Even if their smartphone is a Samsung and their tablet is a Kindle, these young people are all iGeners And yes, even if they are lower income teens from disadvantaged backgrounds now spend just as much time online as those with resourcesanother effect of smartphones The average teen checks her phone than eighty times a day But technology is not the only change shaping this generation The i in iGen represents the individualism its members take for granted, a broad trend that grounds their bedrock sense of equality as well as their rejection of traditional social rules It also captures the income inequality that is creating a deep insecurity among iGeners, who worry about doing the right things to become financially successful, to become a have rather than a have not Due to these influences and many others, iGen is distinct from every previous generation in how its members spend their time, how they behave, and their attitudes toward religion, sexuality, and politics They socialize in completely new ways, reject once sacred social taboos, and want different things from their lives and careers They are obsessed with safety and fearful of their economic futures, and they have no patience for inequality based on gender, race, or sexual orientation They are at the forefront of the worst mental health crisis in decades, with rates of teen depression and suicide skyrocketing since 2011 Contrary to the prevalent idea that children are growing up faster than previous generations did, iGeners are growing up slowly 18 year olds now act like 15 year olds used to, and 13 year olds like 10 year olds Teens are physically safer than ever, yet they are mentally vulnerable Drawing from four large, nationally representative surveys of 11 million Americans since the 1960s, Ive identified ten important trends shaping iGeners and, ultimately, all of us In No Hurry the extension of childhood into adolescence , Internet how much time they are really spending on their phonesand what that has replaced , In person no the decline in in person social interaction , Insecure the sharp rise in mental health issues , Irreligious the decline in religion , Insulated but not intrinsic the interest in safety and the decline in civic involvement , Income insecurity new attitudes toward work , Indefinite new attitudes toward sex, relationships, and children , Inclusive acceptance, equality, and free speech debates , and Independent their political views iGen is the ideal place to look for trends that will shape our culture in the years to come, as its members are very young but still old enough to express their views and report on their experiences Ive been researching generational differences for nearly twenty five years, starting when I was a 22 year old PhD student in personality psychology at the University of Michigan Back then I focused on how my own generation, Generation X, differed from Boomers gender equality and anxiety, among other things As time went on, I found a broad array of generational differences in behaviors, attitudes, and personality traits that distinguished the Millennials, the generation born in the 1980s and early 1990s That research culminated in my 2006 book Generation Me, updated in 2014, a look at how the Millennials differed from their predecessors Most of the generational differences that defined GenX and the Millennials came along gradually, building to a crescendo only after a decade or two of steady change I had grown accustomed to line graphs of trends that looked like hills slowly growing into peaks, with cultural change making its mark after a measured rollout that started with a few young people and swelled to many But around 2012, I started seeing large, abrupt shifts in teens behaviors and emotional states All of a sudden, the line graphs looked like steep mountainsrapid drop offs erased the gains of decades in just a few years after years of gradual inclines or hollows, sheer cliffs suddenly brought traits to all time highs In all of my analyses of generational datasome of it reaching back to the 1930sI had never seen anything like it At first I wondered if these were random blips that would disappear after a year or two But they didntthe trends kept going, creating sustained, and often unprecedented, trends As I dug into the data, a pattern emerged many of the large changes began around 2011 or 2012 That was too late to be caused by the Great Recession, which officially lasted from 2007 to 2009 Then it occurred to me 201112 was exactly when the majority of Americans started to own cell phones that could access the Internet, popularly known as smartphones The product of this sudden shift is iGen Such broad generational shifts have big implications A whole new group of young people who act and think differentlyeven differently from their neighbors the Millennialsis emerging into young adulthood We all need to understand them, including friends and family looking out for them, businesses searching for new recruits, colleges and universities educating and guiding students, and marketers figuring out how to sell to them Members of iGen also need to understand themselves as they explain to their elders and their slightly older peers how they approach the world and what makes them different Generational differences are larger and broadly influential than ever The biggest difference between the Millennials and their predecessors was in worldview, with focus on the self and less on social rules thus the term Generation Me But with the popularity of the smartphone, iGeners differ most in how they spend their time The life experiences they have every day are radically different from those of their predecessors In some ways, this is an even fundamental generational shift than that which created the Millennials perhaps thats why the trends announcing the arrival of iGen were so sudden and large The Birth Year Cutoffs The breakneck speed of technological change has created a surprisingly large gap between those born in the 1980s and those who started life in the 1990s I am not a true digital native, Juliet Lapidos, born in 1983, wrote in the New York Times The Internet wasnt a fact of nature I had to learn what it was and how to use it I didnt have a mobile phone until I was 19 Lapidos was 19 in 2002, when texting required hitting the same key several times on your flip phone and surfing the Web meant sitting at a desktop computer When the iPhone was introduced just five years later in 2007, all of that changed iGeners are the first generation to enter adolescence with smartphones already in their handsa stark difference with wide ranging implications iGen got here faster than anyone anticipated Until recently, most of the generational patter focused on Millennials, sometimes defined as Americans born between 1980 and 1999 Yet this is a long span for a recent generation Generation X, immediately before the Millennials, lasted only fourteen years, from 1965 to 1979 If the Millennial generation lasts the same amount of time as GenX, the last Millennial birth year is instead 1994, meaning that iGen begins with those born in 1995conveniently, thats also the year the Internet was born Other milestones fall close to 1995 as well In 2006, Facebook opened up to anyone over the age of 13so those born since 1993 have been able to live their entire adolescence on social networking sites A cut in the mid 1990s also makes sense based on the hard data in 2011, the year when everything started to change in the survey data, the 13 to 18 year olds answering the questions were born between 1993 and 1998 Its anyones guess when iGen will end Id put my money on fourteen to seventeen years after 1995 That would mean the last iGeners were born somewhere between 2009 and 2015, with 2012 right at the middle of that range That makes the birth year span of iGen 19952012 As time goes on, those boundaries might be adjusted up or down, but 19952012 is a solid place to start A lot is going to depend on the technology developed in the next ten years and whether it changes young peoples lives as much as the smartphone did With 19952012 as the range, the first iGeners graduated from high school in 2012 and the last will in 2030 see Figure 0.1 Figure 0.1 Time span when each generation dominated the population of high school seniors and entering college students, based on the generational birth year cutoffs.Any generational cutoff is arbitrary there is no exact science or official consensus to determine which birth years belong to which generation In addition, people born right before and right after the cutoff have experienced essentially the same culture, but those born ten years apart but technically within the same generation have experienced a different culture Nevertheless, generational labels with specific cutoffs are useful just like city boundaries, the demarcation of 18 as legal adulthood, and personality types, they allow us to define and describe people despite the obvious limitations of using a bright line when a fuzzy one is closer to the truth No matter where we set the cutoff, its important to understand how those born after the mid 1990s differ from those born only a few years before The Name As a label, iGen is concise, broad, and relatively neutral At least one writer has described the iGen label as bland, but thats actually a strength A generational label needs to be inclusive enough to capture an extensive swath of people and neutral enough to be accepted by the generation itself and older generations It also needs to capture something about the generations experience, and for iGeners, the Internet and smartphones have defined many of their experiences thus far The prominent magazine AdvertisingAge has backed iGen as the best name for the post Millennials We think its the name that best fits and will best lead to understanding of this generation, Matt Carmichael, AdvertisingAges director of data strategy, told USA Today Another name suggested for this group is Generation Z However, that label works only if the generation before them is called Generation Y, and hardly anyone uses Generation Y now that the term Millennials has won out That makes Generation Z dead on arrival Not to mention that young people do not want to be named after the generation older than themselves Thats why Baby Busters never caught on for Generation X and why Generation Y never stuck for the Millennials Generation Z is derivative, and the generational labels that stick are always original Neil Howe, who along with the late William Strauss coined the term Millennials, has suggested that the next generation be called the Homelanders, given their upbringing in the time of homeland security I doubt that any generation wants to be named after the government agency that makes you take your shoes off at the airport Howe also believes that the generation after the Millennials doesnt begin until those born in 2005, which seems unlikely given the fast pace of technological change and the sudden shifts in teens time use and traits starting around 2011 Other labels have been suggested as well In 2015, teens polled by MTV chose the Founders as their preferred generational label But founders of what As far as I know, I was the first to use the term iGen, introducing it in the first edition of my book Generation Me in April 2006 Ive been using the term iGen to talk about the post Millennial generation for a while in 2010 I named my speaking and consulting business iGen Consulting The Data What we know about iGen so far is just beginning to take shape Polls will announce that 29% of young adults dont affiliate with a religion or that 86% of teens worry about finding a job But these single time polls could be capturing beliefs universal to young people across all generations Boomer or GenX teens in the 1970s or 1990s may also have shunned religion and worried about employment One time polls with no comparison group tell us nothing about cultural change or iGeners distinctive experiences You cant draw a generational conclusion with data from only one generation Yet so far, nearly all the books and articles about iGen have relied on minimally useful polls like those Other one time surveys include members of several generations Thats better, but even they have a major flaw they cant separate the effects of age from those of generation If a study finds for example that iGeners want to make friends at work than GenXers do, that might be because iGeners are young and single and GenXers are older and married In a one time survey, theres no way to tell Thats unfortunate, because if youre capturing differences based on age, it doesnt tell you much about what has changedwhether what worked to motivate young employees or students ten years ago will work now To really understand whats unique about this generationwhat is actually new about itwe need to compare iGen to previous generations when their members were young We need data collected across time Thats what the large, over time surveys I analyze in this book do they ask young people the same questions year after year so their responses can be compared over several generations I draw primarily from four databases One, called Monitoring the Future MtF , has asked high school seniors 12th graders than a thousand questions every year since 1976 and queried 8th and 10th graders since 1991 The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System YRBSS, administered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has surveyed high school students since 1991 The American Freshman AF Survey, administered by the Higher Education Research Institute, has questioned students entering four year colleges and universities since 1966 Finally, the General Social Survey GSS has examined adults 18 and over since 1972 For details on these surveys and their methods, see Appendix A These surveys can show us how Boomers were grooving when they were in high school in the 1970s, how GenXers rocked it in the 1980s and 1990s, how Millennials bopped through the 2000s, and how iGen is making its own waves in the 2010s By comparing one generation to another at the same age, we can observe the views of young people about themselves, rather than relying on older peoples reflections on a time gone by We can see differences that are due to cultural changes and not to age These differences cant be dismissed by saying that young people have always been this way In fact, these surveys show that young people are now quite different from young people in previous decades The relative youth of these samples is also excitingit allows us a peek at iGeners as they are forming their identities, starting to articulate their opinions, and finding their path toward adulthood These data sources have three other distinct advantages First, they are large in sample size and scope, collecting data on thousands of people every year who have answered hundreds of questions anonymously All told, they have surveyed 11 million people Second, the survey administrators were careful to ensure that the people answering the questions were representative of the US population in terms of gender, race, location, and socioeconomic status That means that the conclusions can be generalized to American young people as a whole or, in the case of college students, to college students as a whole Third, all of these data sets are publicly available online they are not hiding behind paywalls or fees, so the data are transparent and open These surveys are national treasures of Big Data, providing a glimpse of the lives and beliefs of Americans in decades gone by as well as an up to date look at young people in recent years With this solid mass of generational data now emerging, we no longer need to rely on shaky one time studies to understand iGen Because the survey samples are nationally representative, they represent American young people as a whole, not just an isolated group Of course, the demographics of American youth have changed over time for example, are Hispanic than in previous decades Its fair to ask whether the generational shifts are solely due to these demographic shiftsthats a question of cause rather than accuracy, but its still worth asking For that reason and others, Ive also examined whether the trends appear across different groups for example, black, white, and Hispanic girls and boys in the Northeast, Midwest, South, and West in urban, rural, and suburban areas lower socioeconomic status and higher socioeconomic statussuch as whether ones parents attended college or not With only a few exceptions, the generational trends appear across all of these demographic groups These sweeping changes appear among poor teens and rich ones, those of every ethnic background, and in cities, suburbs, and small towns If youre curious about what the trends look like within these groups, Ive put figures with some of these breakdowns in the appendices For a preview of some generational differences, take the quiz on the next page to find out how much your experiences overlap with those of iGen Regardless of when you were born, how iGen are you Take this 15 item quiz to find out how iGen you are Answer each question with yes or no ______ 1 In the past 24 hours, did you spend at least an hour total texting on a cell phone ______ 2 Do you have a Snapchat account ______ 3 Do you consider yourself a religious person ______ 4 Did you get your drivers license by the time you turned 17 ______ 5 Do you think same sex marriage should be legal ______ 6 Did you ever drink alcohol than a few sips by the time you turned 16 ______ 7 Did you fight with your parents a lot when you were a teen ______ 8 Were than one third of the other students at your high school a different race than you ______ 9 When you were in high school, did you spend nearly every weekend night out with your friends _____ 10 Did you have a job during the school year when you were in high school _____ 11 Do you agree that safe spaces and trigger warnings are good ideas and that efforts should be made to reduce microaggressions _____ 12 Are you a political independent _____ 13 Do you support the legalization of marijuana _____ 14 Is having sex without much emotion involved desirable _____ 15 When you were in high school, did you feel left out and lonely fairly often SCORING Give yourself 1 point for answering yes to questions 1, 2, 5, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15 Give yourself 1 point for answering no to questions 3, 4, 6, 7, 9, and 10 The higher your score, the iGen you are in your behaviors, attitudes, and beliefs The Demographicsand the World Using the birth years 1995 to 2012, iGen includes 74 million Americans, about 24% of the population That means one in four Americans is a member of iGenall the reason to understand them iGen is the most ethnically diverse generation in American history one in four is Hispanic, and nearly 5% are multiracial Non Hispanic whites are a bare majority, at 53% The birth years at the end of iGen are the first to have a nonwhite majority beginning with the iGeners born in late 2009, less than 50% are non Hispanic whites That means no one group is in the majority, practically the definition of diversity The generation after iGenthose born in 2013 and laterwill be the first majority nonwhite generation The data here are from US samples, so the conclusions cant be directly generalized to other countries However, many of the generational shifts that appear here are emerging in other cultures as well Researchers around the world are documenting many of the same trends, with new studies constantly appearing The Internet and smartphone boom hit other industrialized countries at about the same time as these technologies took hold in the United States, and the consequences are likely to be similar The Context To flesh out my number crunching with a sense of real people, I have taken a deeper look at iGen in a number of ways First, I interviewed twenty three iGeners in person or on the phone for up to two hours, delving into their thoughts on pop culture, teen social life, current events, campus controversies, and their all important smartphones These young people ranged in age from 12 to 20 they were black, white, Asian American, Latino a, and Middle Eastern American from Virginia, Connecticut, Illinois, Ohio, Texas, Minnesota, Georgia, and California and attending middle school, high school, community college, or four year college, the vast majority at institutions that would not be considered particularly elite I also posed written interview questions online on sites such as s MTurk Requester, conducted a survey of 250 introductory psychology students at San Diego State University, where I teach, and discussed various issues as they came up in classes with my undergraduate students I also read a wide array of opinion pieces from college newspapers around the country These sources are not nationally representative, so they are not a replacement for the survey data These iGeners individual experiences are just that and might not be representative of their generation The survey data are always the gold standard the interviews and essays illustrate that data and do not in any way replace it They are, however, a path to humanizing the young people behind the data As iGeners age and start to shape our world, they deserve to be heard in addition to being understood empirically When I wrote Generation Me, my book about the Millennials, I was just a little older than the cohort I was writing about and had experienced many of the same cultural phenomena Hard data from surveys formed the core of that book, just as they do here, but as a GenXer my own life mirrored much of what I wrote about Thats not as true in this book, where Im twenty five to thirty years older than iGen teens To my chagrin, one of the college students I interviewed told me I reminded him of his mother As it turned out, I actually am the same age as his parents My role here is much observer than participant However, I now have another perspective my three daughters were born in 2006, 2009, and 2012, in the later years of iGen I have thus seen firsthand some of the quintessential iGen experiences such as a toddler, barely old enough to walk, confidently swiping her way through an iPad Ive also experienced having a 6 year old ask for a cell phone and hearing a 9 year old describe the latest app to sweep the 4th grade Maybe if I name their generation, my kids will listen to me when I tell them to put on their shoes In this book, the voices of iGenerswhether the statistics from the large surveys or their own words in interviewsspeak for themselves The book also features than a hundred graphs of the survey data spanning the generations so you can see the data for yourselfnot just the data for iGen but the data for Millennials, GenXers, and Boomers as well The graphs summarize a large amount of data in a small amount of space a graph is worth a thousand words Youll see firsthand how iGen stands out, with the abrupt drop offs and sheer rock faces around 2011 for many traits and behaviors and gradual changes in others The Caveats As a generations researcher, Im often asked questions such as Why are you blaming the kids Isnt it the parents fault Or the Boomers fault or GenXers fault This question makes two false assumptions first, it assumes that all generational changes are negative second, it implies that a single cause such as parenting can be identified for each change Neither is true Some generational changes are positive, some are negative, and many are both Theres a natural human tendency to classify things as all good or all bad, but with cultural changes, its better to see the gray areas and the trade offs Given that many generational differences are positive or at least neutral, using words such as fault and blame doesnt really make sense Its also counterproductive, leaving us squabbling about whom to blame rather than understanding the trends, both good and bad Cultural change also has many causes, not just oneits not just parents, but technology, media, business, and education working together to create an entire culture that is radically different from the one our parents and grandparents experienced Its nobodys fault or everybodys fault Cultures change, and generations change with them thats the important point Its not a contest to see which generation is worse or better the culture has changed, and were all in this together Once we know that a generational change has occurred, the natural next question is Why This can be a difficult question to answer The gold standard in science for showing that one thing causes another is an experiment, in which people are randomly assigned to have different experiences For generational differences, that would mean randomly assigning people to grow up at different timesa true mission impossible The next best way to identify possible causes is a two step process First, the two things must be correlated with each other For example, we can see whether teens who spend time on social media are depressed Second, the two things must change at the same time and in the correct direction If social media use and depression both increase during the same years, one might cause the other If they dont say, one goes up while the other stays about the same , one is likely not causing the other This approach can, at the very least, rule out possible causes It cant fully rule causes in, but it can provide evidence that points toward something as the culprit Another caveat the numbers here are averages For example, the average iGen teen spends time online than the average Millennial did in 2005 Of course, some iGen teens spend little time online, and some Millennials spent a lot of timethere is considerable overlap between the two groups Just because there is an average difference doesnt mean that everyone in the generation is exactly the same So why not treat everyone as an individual If youre going to analyze data, thats just not possible Statistics rely on averages, so you cant compare groups of people without them Thats why virtually every scientific study of people relies on averages This isnt stereotyping its comparing groups using a scientific method Stereotyping occurs when someone assumes that any individual person must be representative of his or her group Its not a valid criticism of generational studies to say that they describe everyone in a generation in one way or to say that they overgeneralize Any overgeneralizing that occurs is due to a mistaken interpretation by individual people, not to the data themselves What if the cultural changes are affecting everyone and not just iGen In many cases, they are This is known as a time period difference, or a cultural change that has an equal effect on people of all ages Pure time period effects are fairly rare, because age usually affects how people experience events Cultural change often affects the young first, and then spreads to older people Smartphones and social media are a perfect example of that However, much of this book is about how iGeners adolescence is markedly different from their predecessors, which is naturally a generational difference as the teen years of Boomers, GenXers, and Millennials are already past The Way Forward Where iGen goes, the country goes Parents of adolescents wonder how their teens constant smartphone use will affect their brains, their emotions, and their relationships The majority of college students are already iGen, bringing their values, viewpoints, and ever present smartphones to campuses around the country Young recruits to businesses will soon be dominated by iGeners, not Millennials, which may catch some companies unprepared for iGeners different perspective iGeners product preferences are already shaping the marketplace with their teen and young adult influences, and they will soon dominate the lucrative 18 to 29 year old market iGeners political preferences will shape elections far into the future, and their attitudes will dictate policy and laws Their marriage rates and birthrates will affect the demographic balance of the country, determining whether there will be enough young workers to support Millennials and GenXers in their retirement iGen is at the forefront of the enormous changes under way in the United States today, driven by the Internet, individualism, income inequality, and other forces of cultural change Understanding iGen means understanding the futurefor all of us So whats really different about iGenNamed one of the Best Tech Books of 2017 by Wired MagazineWeve all been desperate to learn what heavy use of social media does to adolescents Now, thanks to Twenges careful analysis, we know It is making them lonely, anxious, and fragileespecially our girls.If you are a parent, teacher, or employer, you must read this fascinating book to understand how different iGen is from the millennials you were just beginning to figure out Jonathan Haidt, NYU Stern School of Business, author of The Righteous Mind Jean Twenge collates the data on a generation and not only surprises readers with astonishing discoveries, but also helps us to make sense of what to do with those discoveries.This book isa must read for anyone interested in understanding students Dr Tim El, author of Marching Off the Map, President of GrowingLeaders.com The reigning expert on generational change weighs in on the iGen, making a case for dramatic changes in just the last five years Few accounts have seemed sensational, and few have seemed true Lisa Wade, PhD, author of American Hookup The New Culture of Sex on Campus This book is a game changer.If you want to understand how to parent, teach, recruit, employ, market to, or win the vote of anyone born between 1995 2012, you need to read this book iGen will change the way you think about the next generation of Americans Julianna Miner, Professor of Public Health, George Mason University Dr Twenge brings to light, with longitudinal scientific data and personal interviews, a generation that is truly unique.An easyand scientifically informative read Larry D Rosen, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus and author of 7 books on the impact of technology including The Distracted Mind Ancient Brains in a High Tech World with Adam Gazzaley, MD, Ph.D., MIT Press, 2016 Stocked with valuable insights, iGen is a game changer and this decades must read for parents, educators and leaders Her findings are riveting, her points are compelling, her solutions are invaluable Michele Borba, Ed.D., Educational Psychologist and author of UnSelfie Why Empathetic Kids Succeed in Our All About Me World Jean Twenge is the ultimate authority in generational differences who has been at the forefront of many trends Her latest book iGen charts the surprising new normal of the current generation Its a must read for anyone who is interested in young people and technology, filled with fascinating data that shines a light on many unique aspects of youth today Yalda T Uhls, author of Media Moms and Digital Dads A Fact Not Fear Approach to Parenting in the Digital Age We all have impressions about the newest crop of teens and emerging adults, but what really is going on Jean Twenge is the expert in the use of normative data, collected in systematic surveys over the years, to understand how the experiences, attitudes, and psychological characteristics of young people have changed over generations Rigorous statistical analyses, combined with insightful interviews and excellent writing, create here a trustworthy, intriguing story Peter Gray, Research Professor of Psychology at Boston College and author of Free to Learn Why Unleashing the Instinct to Play Will Make Our Children Happier, More Self Reliant, and Better Students for Life iGenis a monumental scientific study, and it reveals astonishing conclusions about todays emerging adults If youre interested in unpacking the habits and the psyche of Americas future, start with this book Eli J Finkel, author of The All Or Nothing Marriage iGen Why Today s Super Connected Kids Are iGen Are Growing Up Less Rebellious, More Tolerant, Happy and Completely Unprepared for Adulthood What That Means the Dr Jean Twenge With generational divides wider than ever, parents, educators, employers have an urgent need to understand today rising generation of teens young adults Home M Twenge, Professor Psychology at San Diego State University, is author scientific publications books, including people, technology social Eventbrite Orygen, The National Centre Excellence in Youth Mental Health presents social disconnection Thursday Generation Z Wikipedia Generation or Gen Z, also known by a number other names demographic cohort after Millennials Y There no precise date when Have Smartphones Destroyed The comfortable online out partying, post are safer, physically, adolescents ever been But they re on brink mental The Generations Which You Notes Each Latest Cultural Born between As most these folks still too made impact Why this likely care care about gun violence Camilla Pedersen European Ironman Long Distance Champion , World These increases huge possibly unprecedented, says professor psychology UniversityRevel Personality Understanding Revel Understanding Yourself Others Access Card W Keith Campbell Books Trends Shaping Young Young People Nation Audible Audio Edition Twenge PhD Madeleine Maby, Simon Schuster iGen: Why Today's Super-Connected Kids Are Growing Up Less Rebellious, More Tolerant, Less Happy--and Completely Unprepared for Adulthood--and What That Means for the Rest of Us

    • Format Kindle
    • 1501151983
    • iGen: Why Today's Super-Connected Kids Are Growing Up Less Rebellious, More Tolerant, Less Happy--and Completely Unprepared for Adulthood--and What That Means for the Rest of Us
    • Jean M Twenge PhD
    • Anglais
    • 12 May 2016

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